Reading Further

 Reading Further on How the Internet Age is Changing the Human Experience

By Nancy L. Frey, PhD
March 2018

To read further on how digital age technologies are impacting our daily lives, here is a list of references – books, articles and websites. This list is by no means a complete list of references on the topic and I will continue to add to it.


Carr, Nicholas. 2011. The Shallows. What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains. NY: WW Norton.

Crawford, Matthew. 2015. The World Beyond Your Head. On Becoming an Individual in an Age of Distraction. NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Diamond, Jared. 2012. The World Until Yesterday. NY: Penguin

Laramie, David, 2007. Emotional and Behavioral Aspects of Mobile Phone Use. (PhD diss., Alliant University International, 2007)

Soojung-Kim Pang, Alex. 2013. The Distraction Addiction. Getting the Information you Need and the Communication You Want. Without Enraging Your Family, Annoying Your Colleagues, and Destroying Your Soul. NY: Little Brown

Steiner-Adair, Catherine. 2013. The Big Disconnect. Protecting Childhood and Family relationships in the Digital Age. NY: Harper

Turkle, Sherry. 2011. Alone Together. Why We Expect More from Technology and Less From Each Other. NY: Basic Books.


Digital Detox -

Started by form Silicon Valley tech employees who realized how the digital world impacted adversely the human experience. They founded a company to help people “detox” from their devices by creating tech free weekends for adults. Read the Digital Detox manifesto:


Walking the Camino in the Age of Wi-Fi
BY Douglas Challenger, 14 May 2016, Blog:

Great reflections on the Camino

Leaving Home and Coming Back
BY Nancy L Frey, PhD, In the book by ed. Priestley, Andrew. 2018 (Aug). My Camino Walk #2, pp. 153-169. UK: Writing Matters Publishing.

Reflective personal piece that I wrote looking back on my 1993 Camino and my experiences pre-Internet and how my mental isolation from my home life, incredibly difficult to achieve now in the Internet Age, was crucial in the profound changes and insights that I experienced on that first journey. I have posted a link to the article on Walking on Presence here:

Thoughts on Camino Apps
By David Jennings, La Concha Newsletter, Winter 2014, p. 16 (

Reflection piece after taking a tech survey:“Solitude and the commune with nature give voice to the inner person. Now, we are asked what technical instruments, what apps, do we need to make the pilgrimage? Who could ever imagine a pilgrim needing an app to find a restroom? Is there an app for living responsibly, for overcoming greed and ego?”

Experience of the Camino in 8 words
BY Marion, 16 Aug 2017, Blog:

Blog entry on lessons from Camino from a blog called Santiago in Love.Well-stated words of wisdom from the Camino

Learning to Live Without Technology on the Camino de Santiago
BY E.J. Támara, 10 Sept 2015,

” while the ideal of a simple life without technology is seductive, the reality was complicated. Hiking without so much as a watch can make you feel insecure, stressed and fearful. And the use of technology by others at times made it impossible for me to avoid it.”

Pilgrimage: Ancient Practice Now with Some Modern Tensions
By Steven Watkins, 8 October 2017 (Retrieved 1 Dec 2018), Blog:

Interview between the blog's author Steven Watkins and the Communication PhD student Roni Jackson-Kerr discussing her research on the role of tech in pilgrimage along the Camino de Santiago. She argues that the "tension between convenience and presence" in using digital devices is an important factor for pilgrims in the Internet Age.


The Cognitive Benefits of Interacting with Nature
BY Berman, Marc G, John Jonides, and Stephen Kaplan. Psychological Science, 19, no. 12 (December 2008): 1207-12.

Sean Parker on Facebook: ‘God only knows what it’s doing to our children’s brains’
BY Thuy Ong, 9 Nov 2017,

 “Sean Parker former Facebook exec admits to creating addiction among users. Sean Parker, the founder of Napster and former president of Facebook, said the thought process behind building the social media giant was: "How do we consume as much of your time and conscious attention as possible?" Parker was interviewed by Axios' Mike Allen Wednesday:

"That means that we needed to sort of give you a little dopamine hit every once in a while because someone liked or commented on a photo or a post or whatever ... It's a social validation feedback loop ... You're exploiting a vulnerability in human psychology ... [The inventors] understood this, consciously, and we did it anyway."

“Parker says the social networking site exploits human psychological vulnerabilities through a validation feedback loop that gets people to constantly post to get even more likes and comments. “It's exactly the kind of thing that a hacker like myself would come up with, because you're exploiting a vulnerability in human psychology,” he said. “The inventors, creators — it's me, it's Mark [Zuckerberg], it's Kevin Systrom on Instagram, it's all of these people — understood this consciously. And we did it anyway." In other words, using Facebook is like junk food: you get instant gratification when you post for likes and comments. It’s quick and easy but has little substance.”  

Silicon Valley Is Not Your Friend
BY NOAM COHEN, 13 Oct 2017, New York Times

“We are beginning to understand that tech companies don’t have our best interests at heart. Did they ever?”

Tech Giants, Once Seen as Saviors, Are Now Viewed as Threats
BY DAVID STREITFELD, 12 Oct 2017, New York Times

“American tech companies positioned themselves as entities that brought positive change by connecting people and spreading information. Perceptions are shifting.”

Levi Felix, a Proponent of Disconnecting from Technology, Dies at 32
BY Christopher Mele , 12 Jan 2017

Former Silicon Valley success and founder of the company Digital Detox says in article: “I’m a geek, I’m not a Luddite,” Mr. Felix told The Times in 2012. “I love that technology connects us and is taking our civilization to the next level, but we have to learn how to use it, and not have it use us.”

Google Doesn’t Want What’s Best for Us
BY Jonathan Taplin, 12 Aug 2017,

“America has held a largely romantic view of the tech industry that is at odds with reality.”

Phantom Pocket Vibration Syndrome: What does it tell us about our obsession with technology?
BY Larry Rosen, 7 May 2013,

The Binge Breaker. Tristan Harris believes Silicon Valley is addicting us to our phones. He’s determined to make it stop.
BY Bianca Bosker, Nov 2016,

The Power of Presence, How “Living in the Now” Can Change Your Life
BY, ALLIE STARK, 25 Sept 2016,

Describes how leaving her phone at home one day allowed her to be more present and appreciate the world around her.

Yonquis de internet: las redes sociales admiten el truco para engancharte
POR Amado Herrero, 10 Enero 2018,

Lorenzo Silva: por qué he dejado Twitter
POR Lorenzo Silva, 10 enero 2018,

Social Media Is Making Us Dumber. Here’s Exhibit A.
BY Steven Pinker, 11 Jan 2018, Editorial New York

“Steven Pinker is a liberal, Jewish professor. But social media convinced people that he’s a darling of the alt-right.”

Will 2018 be the year of the neo-luddite?
BY Jamie Bartlett,  4 Mar 2018,

'Our minds can be hijacked': the tech insiders who fear a smartphone dystopia
BY Paul Lewis, 6 Oct 2017,

“Google, Twitter and Facebook workers who helped make technology so addictive are disconnecting themselves from the internet. Paul Lewis reports on the Silicon Valley refuseniks alarmed by a race for human attention.”

Why We're All Addicted to Texts, Twitter and Google. Dopamine makes you addicted to seeking information in an endless loop.
BY Susan Weinschenk, 11 Sept 2012,

Good article from Psychology Today on how dopamine affects our brains and keeps us coming back for more.

The author further references this article on Dopamine:

What is the role of dopamine in reward: hedonic impact, reward learning, or incentive salience?                                                                                         BY Kent C. Berridge and Terry E. Robinson, : Brain Research Reviews, 28, 1998. 309–369

Explosion In Sex Dolls Threatens Japanese Race With "Extinction"
BY Tyler Durden, 25 July 2018. Website:

Part and parcel of our digital dependency is a preference for the company of artificial intelligence rather than potentially complicated human interactions. Not a very good boon for humanity's future.

Beyond Self-Report: Tools to Compare Estimated and Real-World Smartphone Use.
BY Andrews S, Ellis DA, Shaw H, Piwek L (2015)

PLoS ONE 10(10): e0139004. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139004
Academic article dealing with inconsistencies between self-reported and real smartphone use.